Physiobench :: Online physio. Self manage your injury with expert physio guidance.
Self manage your injury with expert physio guidance

Knee, shin & calf injuries

General Advice

The knee, shin and calf are very susceptible to a lot of injuries

Common knee injuries include

  • anterior knee pain - which is also known as chondromalacia patella, or runners knee
  • ligament sprain - most commonly involving the medial collateral ligament or the anterior cruciate, but sometimes the lateral collateral or the posterior cruciate
  • meniscal tears - (commonly referred to as the cartilage). The menisci facilitate the movement of the knee. The medial meniscus is injured more frequently than the lateral
  • arthritic changes

By far the most common shin injury is anterior compartment syndrome, which is also referred to as shin splints.

When it comes to a calf injury, it is important to differentiate a calf muscle tear from the potentially dangerous condition of deep vein thrombosis, otherwise known as DVT or economy class syndrome

We've got plenty of articles worth reading. They'll go some way in helping you to self manage your injury.

If you can't fix your injury yourself, you can choose a physio, who has the specialist skills to provide you with a personalised treatment programme


  • The Most Common Cause for Shin Splints, Explanations and Treatment Advice

    by Jane Hodgson 7 June 2013

    Shin splints are a general term for pain on the inside of the shin. This article considers the most common cause of shin splints, the muscle the tibialis anterior, the causative factors for shin splints and possible treatments.

  • Unloader Knee Brace for Osteoarthritis

    by Jane Hodgson 27 April 2012

    Unloader knee braces for osteoarthritis have been shown to reduce pain, improve muscle strength and consequently increase function in people who have osteoarthritis affecting one part of the knee.

  • Knee Osteoarthritis the Low Risk Strategies

    by Jane Hodgson 24 February 2012

    Knee osteoarthritis symptoms include pain and consequent lack of function, some simple measures can assist in reducing the impact of knee osteoarthritis.

  • Achilles Tendon Exercises

    by Jane Hodgson 15 September 2010

    Eccentric Achilles tendon exercises have been constistantly shown by many research studies to provide the most effective treatment for Achilles tendonopathy.

  • Flight Compression Socks can they Prevent Flight DVT

    by Jane Hodgson 2 July 2010

    A  DVT is a potentially life threatening condition. Some research shows that flight compression socks can reduce the chances of getting a flight DVT. Other simple preventative measures include movement and basic exercises.

  • Knee Pain Info. Pes Anserinus Bursitis a Common Cause of Medial Knee Pain

    by Jane Hodgson 19 May 2010

    Pes anserine bursitis is a common, but frequently under diagnosed, cause of medial knee pain. Causing pain, and sometimes swelling on the area at the top of the shin bone on the inside of the knee, frequent cutting and pivoting movements such as those used when playing basketball, football and rugby can make an individual more likely to develop pes anserine bursitis.

  • Uses and Benefits of an Exercise Disc Balance Cushion

    by Jane Hodgson 5 May 2010

    An exercise disc balance cushion, which is also sometimes known as a stability disc or wobble cushion, is used to improve balance, strengthen core stability and help children who have special educational needs.

  • Runners knee: The Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome, a cause of outside knee pain

    by Jane Hodgson 28 September 2009

    Iliotibial band friction syndrome is commonly termed runners knee because its occurrence in endurance runners is common. Causing outside knee pain, it has been estimated to account for 7% of all running injuries in middle aged men. The term runners knee is however misleading as a broad range of sports people can be affected by iliotibial band syndrome including bowlers, cyclists and racquet sports.

  • Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS): an Effective Form of Pain Relief

    by Jane Hodgson 20 September 2009

    Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation often abbreviated to TENS or TNS is the use of a small  electric current passed through the skin to promote pain relief

  • Meniscal Injuries

    by Jane Hodgson 8 September 2009

    At 6 injuries per 100,000 of the population meniscal injuries are one of the most common knee injuries, even more so in skiing and sports involving cutting, pivoting and twisting.

  • Osteoarthritis of the Knee

    by Jane Hodgson 26 August 2009

    Osteoarthritis of the knee is the most common joint disease encountered in Europe. Osteoarthritis of the knee causes significant pain and loss of function.

  • Gout

    by Jane Hodgson 5 August 2009

    A type of arthritis caused by the deposit of uric acid crystals in and around the joint, gout is an excruciatingly painful condition which primarily affects the joints of the big toe ankle and foot.

  • Achilles Tendon Pain Syndrome

    by Jane Hodgson 3 July 2009

    Achilles tendon pain is a common overuse injury, precipitated by a number of factors including change in training, inappropriate footwear, and altered foot pain it can be treated effectively with ice, stretches, and eccentric strengthening exercises.

  • Economy Class Syndrome

    by Jane Hodgson 19 June 2009

    Economy class syndrome has become the common name for when a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) forms whilst travelling.

  • The Anterior Cruciate Ligament

    by Jane Hodgson 12 January 2009

    It is one of the main stabilising ligaments of the knee and injury to the anterior cruciate ligament will lead to feelings of instability in the knee. Symptoms can be helped with strengthening and exercises

  • Hiking with Trekking Poles

    by Jane Hodgson 17 August 2008

    Our European neighbours have been routinely hiking with poles since the mid 80’s. They give you better balance, more power uphill and knee preservation downhill.

  • Runners knee: A Common Cause of Knee Pain

    by Jane Hodgson 10 June 2008

    Runners knee (anterior knee pain or patella femoral syndrome) is said to affect as many as 1 in 4 people & is characterised by pain under the knee cap.

  • Helping to heal an injury with ice

    by Jane Hodgson 20 April 2008

    It is common to help heal an injury with ice. Deciding whether you should apply ice rather than heat, and for how long can make the difference between helping to heal your injury and making it worse.

Useful links

Editors Choice 

  • Good simple description and diagrams of the anatomy of the knee

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Specialist physios

Jane Hodgson - Chartered Physiotherapist Jane Hodgson Jane specialises in lower body injuries and has raced competitively in running, orienteering and adventure racing.

Carl Chapman - Chartered Physiotherapist Carl Chapman As head physio for Featherstone Rovers and Ireland Rugby league, Carl specialises in the treatment of knee and shoulder injuries.

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